## Introduction

A cybersecurity policy is a document that outlines the organization’s approach to cybersecurity. It is a statement of what the organization does and does not do in terms of cybersecurity. A cybersecurity policy should not be confused with a security policy. A security policy is an organization-wide document that defines the security posture of an organization.

Cybersecurity policies should be reviewed and updated on a regular basis in order to stay current with the latest threats and best practices. A well-written cybersecurity policy will serve as a foundation for the security of your organization. It will also serve as the basis for the creation of other security documents, such as an incident response plan, a risk assessment, and a vulnerability management plan.

## What is a Cybersecurity policy?

The term “cyber” comes from the Greek word “kibros”, meaning “sharp” or “keen”. Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting computer systems and networks from unauthorized access, damage, misuse, or destruction. The term was coined in the early 1980s by the US Department of Defense (DoD).

In the early 1990s, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) published the first version of the Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) 140-2, “Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules” in 1993. This document defined the security requirements for cryptographic modules. This was the first official use of the term cybersecurity. In 1996, the DoD published “Department of Defense Directive 5200.1, Information Systems Security,” which defined information systems security as “the protection of information and information systems from unauthorized acquisition, use, or disclosure, and from accidental or malicious alteration, destruction, or loss.” In 1998, NIST published the “Computer Security Division Special Publication 800-30, Guide to Computer Security Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations” (also known as the NIST Computer Security Handbook). This is the first reference to cybersecurity in the United States. In 2002, the US National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC) was published. NSTIC is an initiative of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to promote the use of trusted identities in the Internet. In 2007, the DHS published the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center (NCCIC) “Cyber Security Framework for Critical Infrastructure Sectors” as part of the Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) initiative. In 2008, the NCCIC published the Cybersecurity Framework (CSF) as a framework for organizations to assess their cybersecurity posture. In 2010, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) released the National Intelligence Priorities Framework (NIPF). The NIPF is a set of national intelligence priorities for the US Intelligence Community (USIC). In 2012, the White House issued the National Security Presidential Directive 54 (NSPD-54), “Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity” to improve the cybersecurity posture of the US critical infrastructure. In 2013, the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP) was established by the General Services Administration (GSA) to provide a standardized approach to security assessment and authorization for cloud service providers. In 2014, the GSA published the Federal Cloud Computing Strategy (FCCS). The FCCS is a strategy for the Federal Government to adopt a cloud computing strategy. In 2015, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) published ISO/IEC 27002:2013 “Information Technology – Security Techniques – Code of Practice for Information Security Management” and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) published ITU-T Recommendation Y.1301 “Guidelines on the Security of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and on the Safeguarding of their Assets” for the protection of ICTs. In 2016, the Information Sharing and Analysis Organization (ISAO) published ISAO/IS-2-2016: “Framework for the Development and Implementation of an Information Sharing & Analysis Organization”

## How to Write an Effective Cybersecurity Policy

There are several different types of cybersecurity policies. These include:

– Information security policy

– This type of policy is for organizations that do not have an information security program.

– Information technology security policy (IT security policy)

– This is a type of cybersecurity policy that is used for organizations with an information technology (IT) security program in place. The NIST defines an IT security program as a combination of policies, procedures, practices, and controls that are designed to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of IT assets and the information and services they provide.

It is important to understand the difference between cybersecurity and IT security. IT security is a subset of cybersecurity and the two terms are often used interchangeably. However, there is a difference between the two. For example, an organization may have IT security controls in place, but not have a cybersecurity policy. In this case, the organization is not taking cybersecurity seriously and may be vulnerable to cyber-attacks. On the other hand, if an organization has a well-defined cybersecurity policy, it is more likely to be able to defend itself against a cyber-attack. It is also important to note that IT security and cybersecurity are not the same thing.

## Information security policy

An information security policy is a formal document that defines the information security requirements of an organization. The purpose of this policy is to ensure that the organization complies with its information security management system (ISMS) requirements. An ISMS is a systematic approach to managing the security of information within an organization’s information systems and network. The ISMS includes policies, standards, guidelines, and procedures that are used to manage information security. The policies and procedures in the ISMS are the foundation of the security program and are the basis for the implementation of the other components of the program.

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